Data in a Flash, Part II: Using NVMe Drives and Creating an NVMe over Fabrics Network

By design, NVMe drives are intended to provide local access to the machines they are plugged in to; however, the NVMe over Fabric specification seeks to address this very limitation by enabling remote network access to that same device.

This article puts into practice what you learned in Part I and shows how to use NVMe drives in a Linux environment. But, before continuing, you first need to make sure that your physical (or virtual) machine is up to date. Once you verify that to be the case, make sure you're able to see all connected NVMe devices:

$ cat /proc/partitions |grep -e nvme -e major
major minor  #blocks  name
 259        0 3907018584 nvme2n1
 259        1 3907018584 nvme3n1
 259        2 3907018584 nvme0n1
 259        3 3907018584 nvme1n1

Those devices also will appear in sysfs:

$ ls /sys/block/|grep nvme

If you don't see any connected NVMe devices, make sure the kernel module is loaded:

petros@ubu-nvme1:~$ lsmod|grep nvme
nvme                   32768  0
nvme_core              61440  1 nvme

Next, install the drive management utility called nvme-cli. This utility is defined and maintained by the very same NVM Express committee that defined the NVMe specification. The nvme-cli source code is hosted on GitHub. Fortunately, some operating systems offer this package in their internal repositories. Installing it on the latest Ubuntu looks something like this:

petros@ubu-nvme1:~$ sudo add-apt-repository universe
petros@ubu-nvme1:~$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install

Using this utility, you're able to list more details of all connected NVMe drives (note: the tabular output below has been reformatted and truncated to better fit here):