I've covered tons of different scientific applications you can run on your computer to do rather complex calculations, but so far, I've not really given much thought to the hardware on which this software runs. So in this article, I take a look at a software package that lets you dive deep down to the level of the logic gates used to build up computational units.
At a certain point, you may find yourself asking your hardware to do too much work. In those cases, you need to understand what your hardware is and how it works. So, let's start by looking at the lowest level: the lowly logic gate. To that end, let's use a software package named Logisim in order to play with logic gates in various groupings.
Logisim should be available in most distributions' package management systems. For example, in Debian-based distros, install it with the following command:
sudo apt-get install logisim
You then can start it from your desktop environment's menu,
or you can open a terminal, type
logisim and press
Enter. You should see a main section of the application
where you can start to design your logic circuit. On the left-hand side,
there's a selection pane with all of the units you can use for your
design, including basic elements like wires and logic gates, and
more complex units like memory or arithmetic units.
Figure 1. When you first start Logisim, you get a blank project where you can start to design your first logic circuit.
To learn how to start using Logisim, let's look at how to set up one of the most basic logic circuits: an AND gate.
Figure 2. You easily can add logic gates to your circuit to model computations.
If you click the Gates entry on the left-hand side, you'll see a full list of available logic gates. Clicking the AND gate allows you to add them to the design pane by clicking on the location where you want them added. At the bottom of the left-hand side, you'll see a pane that displays the attributes of the selected gate. You can use this pane to edit those attributes to make the gate behave exactly the way you want. For this example, let's change the number of inputs value from 5 to 2. The next step is to add an output pin in order to see when the output is either 1 or 0. You can find pins in the wiring section.